Eczema is the name of a group of skin conditions involving red rashes that become irritated, moist, oozing, dry or bumpy when scratched. Atopic dermatitis, also called infantile eczema, is a common form that affects about 10 percent of children. The condition often improves and worsens cyclically over time, with flare-ups.
Since rashes are caused by exposure to allergens in the environment, known triggers such as heat, wool, hot water, certain foods or skin products, soaps and detergents should be avoided.
Treatment for eczema aims to relieve symptoms and prevent patients from scratching the skin, which can lead to infection. This can be done through lotions, creams, cold compresses and other over-the-counter products. Since scratching can leading to crusting and scabbing of the skin, it is important for patients to do all they can to avoid scratching.
Rosacea is a common, chronic skin condition that affects up to 10 percent of the population, many of whom are unaware that they have the condition. Rosacea appears on the face as areas of redness with or without small, pus-filled bumps similar to acne, and, like other skin conditions, may result in emotional distress. Although rosacea is a chronic condition that cannot be cured, there are several treatments available to relieve symptoms and prevent flare-ups.
Diagnosis of rosacea is typically made through a simple physical examination of the skin on the face. Sometimes tests are administered to rule out other possible causes for symptoms, such as eczema or lupus. Although there is no cure for rosacea, there are several treatments available to relieve symptoms. Through medical consultation, patients should be able to pinpoint at least some of the triggers for their symptoms and learn to avoid them.
Pediatric dermatology involves comprehensive diagnosis and treatment services for the unique skin of infants, children and adolescents. While children and adults experience many of the same skin conditions, certain conditions are more prevalent in younger patients and require special care that takes into account the growing needs of these patients. Children are often at risk for fungal and bacterial infections of the skin, as well as a wide array of other acquired and congenital conditions.
Early examination by a dermatologist can promote a lifetime of healthy skin for our pediatric patients.
As our skin ages, it loses fat and elasticity, becomes drier, and starts to sag, forming wrinkles. Years of sun exposure causes damage, sometimes invisible or barely visible and sometimes harmful. Our office treats signs and problems associated with aging skin, including age and liver spots (lentigines), wrinkles, telangiectasias (broken capillaries), bruising, cherry angiomas, assorted skin diseases (shingles, leg ulcers, seborrheic dermatitis) and cancerous and pre-cancerous problems including actinic and seborrheic keratoses, melanoma, basal and squamous cell carcinomas. Common elective procedures are Botox® injections, laser rejuvenation and chemical peels.
Moles & Birthmarks
Moles are growths on the skin that are usually brown or black; they may be located, alone or in groups, anywhere on the body. A birthmark is a colored mark that appears soon after a baby's birth. Although many moles and birthmarks are completely benign and pose no health risk, some people choose to remove them for a variety of reasons. Monitoring birthmarks and moles for changes, is highly recommended.
There are many types of moles and birthmarks, including the following:
- Congenital mole (dark and irregularly shaped)
- Atypical mole (irregular color and undefined borders)
- Cafe-au-lait spot (light-brown patch)
- Mongolian spot (flat, bluish and irregularly shaped)
- Hemangioma (reddish-purple patch or raised dots)
- Salmon patch (reddish patch, usually on the upper eyelid)
- Port-wine stain (dark red and flat)