Sun damage can affect any area of the skin as a result of excessive exposure to the ultraviolet (UV) rays of the sun. Sun damage most commonly occurs on the face, hands and arms, and may lead to sun spots, age spots, rough skin and wrinkles. Years of sun exposure can also lead to premature aging and skin cancer. Some individuals may notice skin lesions that are a form of actinic keratosis, which is is a precancerous skin condition that develops from years of sun exposure.
The best treatment against sun damage is preventing it from occurring in the first place. It is important to wear sunscreen on a daily basis and avoid excessive exposure to the sun, especially during mid-day hours when the sun is strongest.
Wrinkles are a natural part of the aging process that occurs when the skin becomes thinner, drier and less elastic, allowing lines and creases to form within. Genetics, smoking and excessive exposure to the sun can also lead to the premature aging of your skin.
There are several treatment options available to help eliminate or reduce the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines, such as topical retinoids and wrinkle creams, laser treatment, chemical peels, BOTOX®, Restylane® and more. While these procedures cannot completely reverse the effects of aging on your skin, they are often effective in minimizing the appearance of wrinkles through ongoing treatments.
Age spots, which develop on the skin, are a common sign of aging. Also known as brown spots, liver spots and solar lentigines, they are flat, oval areas of pigmentation that ranges from light brown to black. Age spots tend to appear on the parts of the body, such as the face, hands, arms, shoulders and feet, that are exposed to the sun. Most common in people older than 40, they can be freckle-sized or more than a half-inch in length. When age spots are grouped together, they appear even larger.
Although age spots are usually caused by accumulated exposure to the sun's ultraviolet (UV) light, trauma or injury, or genetic predisposition. People with light skin have an increased risk for age spots, as do those with a history of frequent sunburn or sun exposure.
Nail fungal infections occur under the toenail as a result of exposure to a warm, moist environment like sweaty shoes or shower floors. These fungal infections usually begin as a yellow or white spot under the nail, and develop into thickened, brittle and distorted nails. They may also turn your nails a darker color as a result of the debris building up.
Nail fungal infections should be treated immediately as they may cause permanent damage and are likely to recur. Treatment options include oral anti-fungal medications, anti-fungal nail polish or other topical medications.
Hair loss is a common condition which may be a consequence of natural aging, a side effect of medication, or a manifestation of a health disorder. It can result in total baldness, thinning of the hair, or patchy bald spots and may be confined to the scalp or affect other areas of the body. Hair loss may be temporary or permanent, depending on its cause. Some of the causes of hair loss include male or female pattern baldness, certain medications, traumatic stress, and certain skin disorders, such as eczema or psoriasis.
Treatment for hair loss is usually based on the cause of the condition and may include topical or systemic treatments. Sometimes a scalp biopsy and labwork is necessary to determine the cause and tailor treatment.