Skin Cancer Treatment
Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in the United States. It involves abnormal growths of skin cells that can form anywhere on the body, but most frequently appear in areas that are regularly exposed to the sun such as the skin of the face, head and neck. In addition to excessive sun exposure, certain factors, such as fair skin, moles and aging, can also increase the risk of skin cancer.
If skin cancer is suspected, a biopsy will be taken prior to definitive removal of the cancerous growth. This is important to ensure the optimal treatment based on the type of cancer present. Treatment options include surgical excision, electrodessication and curettage, topical treatment or Mohs' surgery. Treatment will be chosen based on several factors, including type of cancer, size, depth and location.
Benign Growth Removal
Skin growths are very common dermatologic issues. They encompass many different types of lesions, but the majority of skin growths are benign and some may not even require treatment. Moles, cysts and skin tags are some of the most frequently seen forms of skin growths. Many growths are completely benign, and do not pose a health threat. Oftentimes, though, people want these growths removed for a variety of reasons.
Surgical excision may be considered for removal of benign growths.During an excision, the doctor cuts out the entire lesion and surrounding tissue, and stitches the skin closed. Surgical shaving may be recommended for smaller, superficial moles and does not require stitches. The doctor numbs the area around the mole and uses a surgical blade to cut around and beneath the mole.
There are several different ways to effectively remove skin tags, including freezing, burning and removing with scissors. Small tags may be removed without the use of anesthesia, while larger ones may require a local anesthetic. These treatments are usually effective in removing the growth, but may cause temporary skin discoloration or bleeding.
Cyst removal is typically done through surgical excision. A small incision is made in the area of the cyst and then the cyst and surrounding tissue will be removed to ensure complete excision. A local anesthetic is used for this procedure.